Australia is one of the leading destinations for students who are looking to study abroad, and every year the number of international students increases. The low cost of living and tuition fees and excellent lifestyle and weather are the major reasons for the popularity of Australia as a study abroad destination.
Australians are very friendly and helpful people, with a great sense of humour and a natural ability to tell jokes and play with words. Australia has stability of Institutions and the strong economy. In reality, Australia is considered as one of the most competitive nations on Earth.
An outdoor lifestyle and love of sports punctuates Australian life. More than 80 percent of Australians live within 50 km of the coast. The most popular watched sport in Australia is Australian Rules football with rugby, cricket, tennis, swimming, and of course surfing and yachting (all popular participant and spectator sports).
The majority of Australia experiences temperate weather for most of the year. The northern states of Australia are typically warm all the time, with the southern states experiencing cool winters but rarely sub-zero temperatures. Snow falls on the higher mountains during the winter months, enabling skiing in southern New South Wales and Victorian ski resorts, as well as the smaller resorts in Australia’s island state, Tasmania.
Work while study:-An international student in Australia is allowed to work part time while they study. They have permission to work up to 20 hours per week while your course is in session. However, they cannot start work until they have commenced their course in Australia. If students bringing their family with them, then dependants can also work up to 20* hours per week once you have started your course in Australia. International students often find work in retail, hospitality and administration. They could expect to earn a $6-15 an hour, depending on the kind of work they do. They may be paid more for working on Sundays or public holidays.
Fast Facts: –
- Australia is both the largest island and the smallest, flattest continent on earth. The name indicates the location: ‘Terra Australia’ means ‘Southern Land’. Australia lies between 10 and 39 degrees South latitude, between the Indian and the Pacific oceans.
- Official name: Commonwealth of Australia
- Capital City:Canberra
- Land Area: 7,617,930 sq km. Only 6.55% of these area are considered arable.
- Length of Coastline:25,760 km
- Lowest Point:Lake Eyre -15 m
- Highest Point:Mount Kosciuszko 2,229 m
- Australia is the driest continent after Antarctica, which makes it the driest inhabited continent on earth.
- Climate:Arid to semiarid; semiarid in the west and centre, the south and east are temperate, the north tropical.
- Australia is the world’s most urbanised country. 70% of the population live in the 10 largest cities.
- Population:21,766,711 (estimated July 2011)
- Age Average:56 years
- Ethnic Distribution:Caucasian 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal and other 1%.
- Currency:Australian dollar (AUD or AU$)
- Telephone System:Excellent domestic and international service, country code -61
- Time Zones:UTC +8 to +11
- Major exports:coal, iron ore, gold, meat, wool and live sheep, alumina, wheat, and machinery and transport equipment.
Types of institutes:-
Primary and Secondary: This is equivalent to 10+2 education in India. Schooling in Australia starts with a kindergarten or preparatory year followed by 12 years of primary and secondary school. In the final year of secondary school, Year 12, you can study for a government-endorsed certificate that is recognised by all Australian universities and vocational education and training institutions. This Senior Secondary Certificate of Education is also recognized by many international universities.
Foundation courses help international students who may not initially meet entry requirements gain entry to undergraduate study at Australian universities and colleges. It also helps students adapt to the Australian academic environment and life in Australia. Some foundation courses promise a place at university after successful completion of the course.
English Language Schools (ELICOS):
The ELICOS program has been designed for students who require English language training before commencing formal studies in Australia. There are other English language programs besides ELICOS that a student can do, but the Australian government has an official ELICOS student visa especially for students who do one of these courses.
ELICOS stands for English Language Intensive Courses for Overseas Students. This acronym is used only in Australia: other countries may use English as a Foreign Language (EFL) to describe this kind of program, as opposed to English as a second (or other) language (ESL) programs that may be offered to migrants or citizens. All types of English language program can be grouped under the generic term English language teaching (ELT).
ELICOS is NOT an institution or an employer. An institution such as TAFE or a private provider may offer ELICOS courses, but ELICOS is not an employing body in its own right.
Vocational Education and Training Institutes:
Australia’s vocational education and training (VET) institutions offer the opportunity to improve your skills in real and artificial work environments. The practical expertise you gain in the workplace will give you a genuine advantage over other graduates.
At these institutions, you can study a wide range of disciplines, including: business and management, science and technology, design and arts, communications, sport and recreation, community service and health, tourism and hospitality, engineering and building, horticulture and land management and English.
Programs are provided by public Technical and Further Education (TAFE) Institutes, private colleges and a number of schools and universities. Industry and Government work together to develop training outcomes, which are then implemented according to nationally endorsed training packages.
This allows you to apply knowledge learnt inside the classroom, outside in the real world. You learn by doing, rather than just reading from textbooks. Your initial qualification can be built on to achieve higher qualifications, provide the basis to begin or change a career, or assist with further study at university.
You can also use this training as a pathway to other avenues of higher education. Depending on your qualification, universities may provide you with credit towards a Degree. This gives you the practical skills as well as the theory from a university Degree. You’ll leave Australia with two qualifications that are recognised around the world—a major advantage over other graduates.
Universities (Higher Education):
There are 37 public universities and two private universities in Australia which offer both undergraduate and postgraduate programs. The most popular courses of study for international students have been in the fields of Business, Administration and Economics, followed by Science, then Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences.
University study can lead to the following awards: Undergraduate – Bachelor Degrees, Bachelor Degrees (with Honours), Undergraduate Diplomas, Associate Diplomas; Postgraduate – Doctoral Degrees, Masters Degrees, Graduate Diplomas, Graduate Certificates.
GROUP 8 UNIVERSITIES
- UNIVERSITY OF ADELAIDE
- UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA
- UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY
- CENTRAL QUEENSLAND UNIVERSITY
- CHARLES STURT UNIVERSITY
- CHARLES DARWIN UNIVERSITY-
- CURTIN UNIVERSITY
- DEAKIN UNIVERSITY
- EDITH COWAN UNIVERSITY
- FEDERATION UNIVERSITY
- JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY
- LA TROBE UNIVERSITY
- QUEENSLAND UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY
- RMIT UNIVERSITY
- SOUTHERN CROSS UNIVERSITY
- SWINBURNE UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY
- UNIVERSITY OF CANBERRA
- UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA
- UNIVERSITY OF SUNSHINE COAST
- VICTORIA UNIVERSITY
- La Trobe University
- University of South Australia
- Navitas Group
- BOX HILL INSTITUTE OF TAFE
- CHISHOLM INSTITUTE
- EDUCATION AND TRAINING INTERNATIONAL, WA
- TAFE NSW
- TAFE QUEENSLAND
- TAFE SOUTH AUSTRALIA
- AUSTRALIAN TECHNICAL AND MANAGEMENT COLLEGE
- CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL COLLEGE
- CANTILLON COLLEGE, PERTH
- EDUCATION CENTRE OF AUSTRALIA
- HOLMES INSTITUTE
- MELBOURNE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
- MURDOCH INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
- NAVITAS AUSTRALIA
- STUDY GROUP
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